Complete Blood Count, Its What You Should Know

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Complete Blood Count, Its What You Should Know

Complete Blood Count, It's What You Should Know
A complete blood count is a blood cell test to determine the overall health condition of the patient. A decrease or increase in the number of blood cells that exceeds normal limits may indicate a health problem that needs to be followed up, such as infection, anemia, and leukemia.
Complete blood count includes the various components that makeup blood cells. Some of the components included in the full blood count include the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and the number of blood platelet cells (platelets). In addition, proteins in red blood cells (hemoglobin), as well as the portion (percent) of red blood cells in one blood volume (hematocrit). A complete blood count can also contain information about the white blood cell count, the average size of red blood cells (MCV), the amount of hemoglobin in each red blood cell (MCH), and the hemoglobin concentration or the relative amount of hemoglobin for each size of red blood cells ( MCHC). Calculate the type of white blood cell consisting of stem neutrophils, neutrophil segments, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils.

After the calculation, the results will be compared with the normal size of the results of the examination. The normal size of the benchmark may vary depending on age and gender.

Complete Blood Count Indication
A complete blood count is intended to look at overall health conditions as well as to diagnose a patient's health problems. In addition, for those who have been diagnosed with health problems, doctors can also suggest a full blood count to monitor disease progression. As for patients undergoing treatment, a full blood count is useful for evaluating the effectiveness of treatment.

Complete Blood Count Warning
Blood collection in one person can be difficult because the venous size of each person's veins is different and the size of the blood vessels in one part of the body is different from the rest of the body. Thus, the process of taking blood on a person can be more complicated than taking blood on someone else, or taking blood in one part of the body can be more difficult than the rest of the body. In addition, although rare, blood sampling may also be associated with hematoma or inflammation of the blood under the skin, infection, bleeding, and dizziness or fainting.

A complete blood count is not a definitive diagnostic method. The number of abnormal blood cells can be a marker of health problems. In order to ascertain the cause of the health problem, another examination or test is required.

Before Complete Blood Count
Before performing a complete blood count test, patients can generally eat and drink as usual. Patients will also be encouraged to wear short-sleeved or rolled-up shirts to facilitate normal blood-collection from the elbow or back of the hand.

Implementation Complete Blood Count
A complete blood count is performed by a laboratory worker by taking a blood sample on a vein. Blood sampling begins with cleansing the skin which is the location of blood collection with an antiseptic cleanser, such as alcohol. Next, the elastic straps are attached to the upper arm to block the flow of blood and stagnate in the veins under the veins (on the elbows or back of the hand). The next step is to jab a needle on the skin to collect a blood sample. This step will feel a bit uncomfortable. After the blood sample is taken, the elastic strap bond is opened and the puncture point on the skin will be covered with plaster to stop the bleeding.

The implementation of a complete blood count only takes a few minutes. Test results can be seen within hours or the next day.

After Complete Blood Count
After blood sampling, patients can usually undergo regular activity, but it depends on the patient's health condition. Blood samples will be processed by a machine that will display the number of inspection results. Results will be compared with the standard size benchmark, as per age and gender. The patient can wait for the results of the examination within a few hours or the next day.

The number of normal red blood cells in men is 5-6 million cells per microliter of blood, whereas in women it is 4-5 million cells per microliter of blood. The normal number of white blood cells ranges from 4,500 to 10,000 cells per microliter of blood. A higher calculation of normal white blood cell count may indicate inflammation or infection in the body. The number of normal blood cells or platelets ranges from 140,000 to 450 thousand cells per microliter of blood. Normal hemoglobin values in men range from 14-17 grams per deciliter and in women 12-15 grams per deciliter. Normal hematocrit values in adult men are 41-50% and in women 36-44%.

Some conditions can cause a complete blood count to be abnormal, including inflammation, infection, deficiency of vitamins or minerals (such as iron), blood disorders, heart disease, autoimmune diseases, drug reactions, and cancer. If an abnormal blood count result is complete, the doctor may suggest other tests to confirm the diagnosis.

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