This Efforts To Prevent And Detect Cervical Cancer

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This Efforts To Prevent And Detect Cervical Cancer
Not only breast cancer, cervical cancer also became one of the dangerous diseases that women should be aware of. It is important to know how to prevent and detect cervical cancer as early as possible.
Cervical cancer is cancer that is present in the cervix or cervix. Generally, this deadly disease occurs due to human papillomavirus infection (HPV). The largest spread of HPV through sexual contact. Many found in women aged between 20-50 years.

Vaccination and Other Prevention Measures
To prevent cervical cancer, the first thing to do is to vaccinate HPV as early as possible before sexually active. Vaccination is done primarily to prevent infection of the most HPV-causing types of HPV-16 and HPV-18.

In addition to vaccinations, other ways that can be done to prevent cervical cancer, including:

1. Sex safe
Having safe sex using a condom can be done to reduce the risk of getting infected with HPV. Avoid sexual intercourse with multiple partners to reduce the risk of HPV infection can be minimized.

2. Avoid smoking
Women smokers have a 3-4 times greater risk of cervical cancer. This is probably because smoking habits make the immune system become weaker in the fight against HPV virus. In addition, the content of carcinogens (cancer-causing) found in cigarettes can also make the HPV virus activity in the cervix to be increased. HPV virus can also move faster toward the cervical cells.

3. Eat healthy foods
Adoption of a healthy diet can be a step to reduce the risk of cancer, including cervical cancer. Consumption of healthy foods can be started by eating lots of fruits and vegetables every day. Also, avoid foods containing high calories and consumption of processed meats in order to reduce the risk of certain types of cancer.

4. Take care ideal weight
In addition to preventing cervical cancer, maintaining weight can also reduce the risk of other types of cancer. Maintaining an ideal weight can be done by getting used to doing physical activity or exercise regularly. For example, walk about 30 minutes per day or 150 minutes of aerobic exercise per week.

5. Detecting Cervical Cancer Early
Detecting cervical cancer as early as possible is part of an effort to prevent the fatal consequences of cervical cancer. To see the presence of cells that may develop into cancer, doctors will recommend a regular pap smear test at least two years after the woman turns 21.

Examination of pap smears as a way of detecting cervical cancer recommended every three years for women aged 25-49 years. Then at the age of 50-64, the examination is done every five years. Women over 65 years of age should only be pap smeared if there is an indication of certain disorders of the cervix and surrounding area or have not done the examination since the age of 50 years.

Not only pap smears, there are several other tests that can be used to detect cervical cancer include:

1. Colposcopy
This test will usually be recommended by the doctor if there is an abnormal result from the pap smear test. Tests that use a special tool called this colposcope will examine the cervix, vagina, and vulva. If at the time of colposcopy tests found abnormalities, then a small sample of tissue will be taken for examination in the laboratory.

2. Schiller test
Schiller test is done by applying iodine solution on the patient's cervix. This test is useful to know the abnormal tissue contained in the cervix. If the cell is healthy, it will be brown. Meanwhile, abnormal cells tend to be white or yellow.

3. Endocervical curettage ( Endocervical curettage / ECC)
An endocervical curettage examination was performed to examine an unexpected portion of the cervix during a colposcopy test. Using a special tool shaped like a small spoon, the inaccessible channel layers of the endocervix (the inside of the cervix) will be slightly eroded to obtain the inspection sample.

4. Biopsy cone (cone biopsy)
This medical action is done by taking a sample of tissue contained in the cervix. The tissue samples that have been taken will be shaped like cones and will be examined using a microscope to find out more about the abnormal tissue. During the cone biopsy process performed, medical personnel may provide anesthesia or anesthesia so that the patient does not feel pain during the biopsy process.

5. Biopsy punch (punch biopsy)
Using a circular knife, the doctor will remove the required tissue sample. Possible can be done several times in the area around the cervix.

Symptoms of cervical cancer may not be immediately felt in the early stages or precancerous. The possibility of new symptoms will appear after cervical cancer has developed.

Symptoms of cervical cancer to watch out for, such as bleeding during sex or after menopause and menstruation, vaginal discharge and foul-smelling, experience pelvic pain or pain during intercourse.

Consult a doctor immediately if you feel the symptoms, and do a check to detect cervical cancer.

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