Space Function Isolation In Hospitals And Conditions That Require It

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Space Function Isolation In Hospitals And Conditions That Require It

Space isolation is a room that is designed specifically and separated from other patients. It is important to pay attention to the facilities and infrastructure of isolation spaces for controlling the spread of disease or infection.
To enter the isolation room at the hospital can not just carelessly. There are several procedures to follow, whether by nurses, doctors, to visitors who want to visit patients.

Preventing Contamination
In general, the isolation room uses negative air pressure to help prevent airborne diseases, get out of the isolation room and infect others. Thus, there will be no air coming out of isolation space and contaminating the outside air.

Space isolation can also be utilized otherwise. When a person has a weakened immune system, the isolation chamber uses positive air pressure by filtering the air clean, then pumped into the room continuously. This makes the air entering the isolation room remains sterile and uncontaminated.

Conditions that Require Space Isolation
Here are some diseases that can be recommended to be treated in isolation space:
  • Diarrhea and vomiting
  • Chickenpox
  • Tuberculosis
  • Meningitis
  • Clostridium difficult infection
  • Infectious organisms resistant to various drugs ( multi-drug resistant organisms / MDRO)
  • An illness suffered after traveling from endemic areas
  • Diseases that cause decreased endurance
  • An unknown cause
Under certain conditions, there are patients who are required to occupy isolation space alone and some are placed along with other patients. Usually, patients who occupy isolation space with other patients are those who have the same disease.

Special Rules for Isolation Room at Hospital
Each hospital has a different procedure for visitors who want to visit patients in the isolation room. Some are allowed, but some are not allowed.

For nurses, doctors, or visitors who want to enter the isolation room, there are certain procedures that must be done first before entering the room, namely:
  • Wash hands properly.
  • The door should be closed immediately after entering or exiting the room.
  • When required, can wear gloves, masks and special clothes.
  • When suffering from flu or other diseases that are susceptible to contagious or susceptible to contracting, not allowed to enter the isolation room
  • Visitors should also follow the instructions and other policies that apply to the hospital, such as tomorrow hours. Generally, children are not allowed into the isolation room.
The isolation room should be made according to the applicable building planning standards, as a means of infection control. This is very important to be applied to a hospital effort in dealing with patients well and prevent the spread of disease.

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