Liver Disorders: Causes, Types, And How To Overcome Them

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Liver Disorders: Causes, Types, And How To Overcome Them

Liver disorders can significantly affect a person's general health condition. Viral infections, genetic factors, side effects of medications, and less healthy lifestyles are factors that can cause liver disorders.
Liver (liver) is the largest organ owned by humans. This organ is located in the abdominal cavity, on the right side of the abdomen, and protected by the ribs and diaphragm. The liver plays a role in neutralizing toxins, protein synthesis, and blood clotting. The liver also acts as an organ producing bile for digestion.

Symptoms Liver Disorders

Most liver disorders do not cause symptoms at an early stage. Often times symptoms appear when the liver disorders have entered an advanced stage, or even when the condition of the liver has been severely damaged.

Skin color and eyes that become yellowish are the most common signs of liver disorders. Other symptoms that can occur in liver disorders, among others, itchy skin, easy bruising, fatigue, dark urine, pale stools, swollen stomach, and pain.

Call your doctor immediately if you experience the symptoms, especially if the symptoms are not lost for days. If ignored, liver disorders may become more severe.

Common Causes and Risk Factors for Liver Disorders

Liver disorders are caused by many factors, including the following:
  • Hepatitis virus infection, such as hepatitis A, B, and C. Hepatitis A virus is transmitted through food and drink contaminated with hepatitis virus. While hepatitis B and C are transmitted through semen, blood, contact with hepatitis B and C.
  • Genetic disorders.
  • Cancer.
  • Fat accumulation.
  • Immune system disorders.
Liver disorders are also triggered by diseases, the environment, and unhealthy lifestyles. The risk of a person suffering from liver disorders becomes higher if:
  • Use syringes for drugs in turn.
  • Using non-sterile needle piercing or needle tattoos.
  • Having unprotected sex or changing partners frequently.
  • Contact with blood or body fluids of people with hepatitis.
  • Take excessive medication.
  • Have a habit of drinking alcoholic beverages.
  • Exposure to long-term chemicals.
  • Experiencing obesity.
  • Have diabetes.
  • Types Liver Disorders
Various conditions and diseases can interfere with liver function. The types of liver disorders include:

  • Jaundice
    In Indonesia, yellowing of the skin and eyes is known as jaundice. Though this condition is actually a symptom of a liver disorder characterized by yellow discoloration of the skin and eyes. This is caused by levels of bilirubin (bile pigment) in the bloodstream that exceeds the normal range. Bilirubin levels become high due to cell abnormalities or inflammation of the liver.
  • Cholestasis
    Cholestasis is a condition of inhibition of bile. Liquids are generated by the liver to aid digestion. This blocked bile flow causes bilirubin buildup.
  • Cirrhosis
    Cirrhosis is a condition of the formation of chronic liver injury or scarring. Damage to liver who develop cirrhosis cannot be repaired. This condition can lead to liver failure. Alcoholic drinking habits, viral infections Hepatitis B and C are the most common causes of cirrhosis.
  • Hepatitis A
    This disease is caused by the virus Hepatitis A. This virus causes inflammation of the liver. Mode of transmission is through feces, water, and contaminated food. Physical contact with the patient through sex can also increase the risk of contracting hepatitis A.
  • Hepatitis B
    Hepatitis B is a liver infection. The disease is caused by a hepatitis B virus that is transmitted through blood, body fluids, or open wounds. Pregnant women who suffer from hepatitis B can also pass it to the fetus in the womb. An infected liver will suffer injury, liver failure, and even cancer if not treated promptly.
  • Hepatitis C
    The Hepatitis C virus can be transmitted through the blood. Hepatitis C makes the liver swell. The chronic condition of this viral infection makes the liver develop cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer.
  • Fatty liver  or fatty liver
    As the name implies, the characteristics of this disease are characterized by too much fat stored in the liver. As a result, the liver undergoes an inflammation that can develop into a permanent scar tissue. In chronic conditions, the liver is at risk of developing cirrhosis and liver failure. Fatty liver can be triggered by the alcoholic fatty liver, as well as other non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD), such as diabetes and obesity.
  • Liver Cancer Liver
    cancer occurs when liver cells undergo mutations that grow uncontrollably. In some cases, chronic infections due to hepatitis B and C viruses cause liver cancer.
Apart from those mentioned above, some diseases caused by bacteria, toxins, and genetic disorders can also cause liver disorders.

Treatment Liver Disorders

Treatment of liver disorders depends on the type of illness. Some liver disorders can be overcome by changing lifestyles, such as stopping alcoholic drinks, losing weight, and applying clean and healthy living habits.

Consumption of antiviral drugs is necessary if liver disorders are caused by viral infections. But if you already have cirrhosis, a damaged liver can not be cured. Treatment efforts can still be done by monitoring the course of the disease and reduce the risk of complications.

Treatment for patients with chronic liver failure conditions is performed by surgery to rescue a functioning liver. If this effort is not possible, a liver transplant is needed to save the patient's life.

Liver disorders can be prevented by applying a healthy lifestyle. In addition, avoid direct contact with blood or body fluids patients with hepatitis. Also, make sure you and your family get hepatitis vaccination as an effective step to prevent this disease.

If you experience any signs and symptoms related to liver disorders, you should consult your doctor for complete examination and further treatment.

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