Know The Cervical Dysplasia Information Here

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Know The Cervical Dysplasia Information Here

Cervical dysplasia is a condition of abnormal changes in the cells in the cervix (cervix). Dysplasia itself means the development of abnormal cells and tissues, but not cancer. This condition is generally known when a woman undergoing Pap smear examination.

In this condition, healthy cells in the cervix appear to experience some abnormal changes. Abnormal cells are not cancerous but can develop into cancer if not treated as early as possible. Cervical dysplasia is often found to occur in women in the 25 to 35 year age range.

HPV Virus Caused
Generally, the cause of cervical dysplasia is an infection of the human papillomavirus (HPV) virus that enters the body. HPV infection can be transmitted through sexual contact, including anal sex and oral sex. In addition, women smokers are more susceptible to the development of cervical dysplasia into more severe conditions, due to adverse effects contained in cigarette smoke for the immune system.

There are several risk factors for cervical dysplasia associated with the risk of HPV, including:

  • Switching sexual partners
  • Childbirth before the age of 16 years
  • Have sex before the age of 18 years
  • Suffer from illness or undergo a treatment that suppresses the immune system

How to Diagnose Cervical Dysplasia
Usually, cervical dysplasia presents no sign or symptom characteristic as long as this condition has not reached the stage of cancer. Through screening, Pap smears the cell changes in the cervix can be known more clearly, so that cervical dysplasia can be treated immediately. Pap smear is a test that can examine the state of cells, especially in the cervix, and is used as a routine examination for early detection of cervical cancer.

Examination to see the presence of cervical dysplasia can also be done with colposcopy, a medical procedure that allows doctors to observe the cervix more closely. Colposcopy is done by observing the inside of the vagina to the cervix with a colposcope device. You can undergo the examination in accordance with the most appropriate recommendations according to the results of the doctor's assessment.

Treatment Actions that can be done
After diagnosis, treatment depends on the severity of the condition and the age of the patient. For mild dysplasia in young women, it is generally only a periodic surveillance and Pap smear with a period of time determined by the doctor.

Meanwhile, if mild dysplasia occurs in women with older age, two years of monitoring will be performed. Follow-up action will be considered if within that period mild dysplasia changes to moderate or severe dysplasia, or is accompanied by other diseases.

For more severe dysplasia, treatment may be performed in the form of:

  • Cryosurgery to freeze and destroy abnormal cells.
  • Laser therapy, to burn and dispose of abnormal tissue, using laser light.
  • LEEP ( loop electrosurgical excision procedure ), which uses electricity to remove abnormal tissue.
  • Surgery to remove abnormal tissue ( cone biopsy ).
  • Hysterectomy or removal of the uterus. This action is not very common and is only recommended in certain cases that are very heavy.

One effective way to prevent cervical dysplasia, ie by avoiding HPV infection through healthy sexual behavior. If you are a woman who has been sexually active, then do regular Pap smears as a major step to detect abnormalities in the cervix early, including cervical dysplasia.

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