Identify The Kidney Section And Its Important Functions For The Body

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Identify The Kidney Section And Its Important Functions For The Body

You need to know the kidneys and their functions, to better understand about these organs. Kidney function is vital and its job is heavy because it processes various toxins, making them susceptible to interference.  

Kidney disorders can vary, ranging from kidney stones to kidney failure is very dangerous. That is why maintaining kidney health is very important, moreover, humans can experience kidney function loss up to 90%, without experiencing any symptoms.

Unique Shapes and Important Kidney Functions

The kidneys have a unique shape like nuts, which lie behind the abdominal cavity. This organ there are two, namely the right and left kidney. Each kidney has a size of about 10-12 cm or as big as a fist.

The kidneys have parts such as the cortex, medulla, vein, artery, renal pelvis, calix, ureter, and other parts that are not less important.

Kidney function mainly to filter the blood and remove dirt remnants of metabolism, produce urine, and balance body fluids. In a day, the blood in our body passes through the kidneys several times.

Here are the complete kidney functions:
  • Arrange the acid
    The foods we eat can increase acid production in the body. Metabolism also produces acid. The kidneys then help the body neutralize the acid while creating a balanced acidic condition in the body.
  • Set blood pressure
    When blood pressure is too low, the kidneys will try to increase it by producing a protein called angiotensin. It is also a body effort to maintain water and sodium levels. The kidneys do this because they require stable pressure to filter blood.

  • Set the red blood cells
    The kidneys also play a role in regulating blood cells. The body needs red blood cells to transport oxygen throughout the body. If the kidney is deprived of oxygen, it asks for the help of the erythropoietin hormone, which will stimulate the bone marrow to produce red blood cells.
  • Balances fluid levels and regulates disposal
    The kidneys are in charge of balancing the fluid levels in the body throughout the day. Thus, if the body is deficient in a fluid, the kidneys keep the body from releasing fluids. Meanwhile, if there is excess salt, toxins and other waste substances in the body will be processed by the liver and forwarded to the kidneys, to then ready to be removed from the body with urine.
Risk of Kidney Disorders

So heavy the task of the kidneys, so that the organs of this one is often affected by the disorder. Here are some common kidney disorders:
  • Kidney stones (nephrolithiasis), ie when the minerals crystallize so as to interfere with the flow of urine. Kidney stones that are not too large can come out with urine, but if the size is large enough, it takes the doctor's action to overcome them.
  • Nephrotic syndrome, ie damage to the kidneys, so that proteins can be wasted through the urine, generally characterized by edema or swelling of the face and limb area.
  • Pyelonephritis, inflammation of the renal / kidney pelvis caused by the spread of bacteria to the kidneys from an untreated bladder infection.
  • Glomerulonephritis, which is inflammation or damage to the kidneys due to an overactive attack of the immune system.
  • Polycystic kidney disease, a genetic disorder of the kidneys that can form cysts in the kidneys and affect its function.
  • Kidney failure, ie deteriorating kidney function due to kidney damage, blockage in the urinary tract, or lack of fluids.
In addition, there are still many types of kidney disorders that may occur. It is important to understand the kidney's part and function, so you better understand and realize how important to maintain kidney health.

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