The Trick Ways How to make simple Compost Fertilizer to complete very easy

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The Trick Ways How to make simple Compost Fertilizer to complete very easy - How To Make Simple Compost Fertilizer. This time we will discuss how to make simple compost fertilizer for own use. As we all know, compost is one of man-made organic fertilizer made from the decomposition process of organic material remnants such as plants and animals. The composting process can take place in aerobic, which involves oxygen and anaerobic or without using oxygen in the process. The process of decomposition or decomposition is what makes it called as compost.

The Process of Making Simple Compost Fertilizer

How To Make Simple Compost Fertilizer
The process of making compost actually mimics the process of forming humus in nature. However, by way of engineering environmental conditions and adding some elements, the manufacture of compost fertilizer can be accelerated ie only within a period of 2 weeks to 1 month. This time exceeds the speed of humus formation naturally. Therefore, compost can always be made and available at any time without having to wait for years.

Raw Materials for Making Simple Compost Fertilizer

As mentioned above, compost is made from organic elements such as plants and animals. The distribution of compost fertilizer according to its raw materials is as follows:
Compost fertilizer from brown waste

which include dry waste include: dry leaves, dried grass, sawdust, rice husk, paper waste, corn husk, straw (rice stalk), and vegetable stalks.
Compost fertilizer from brown waste material physical properties is dry, rough, fibrous and brown. Generally contains a high carbon C element, so it is well applied to the plant to quickly bear fruit.

Compost from green garbage

Green garbage here can consist of: vegetables, fruits, grass clippings, fresh leaves, household waste, tea and coffee powder, eggshell, manure (poultry dung like chickens, ducks, cows, and goats). For easy compost manure of this type of raw materials still, have water content.
Compost fertilizer from green garbage is rich in Nitrogen (N) elements that microbes need to grow and develop. Both applied to plants that are in the period of branch and leaf growth.

How to Make Compost Fertilizer from Organic Waste

Above already mentioned there are two types of raw materials of compost fertilizer: brown waste and green garbage. For the process of making an effective yield in compost fertilizer the comparison of the use of brown waste with green garbage = 3: 1. Because, if you only use brown waste only then the process of making compost will take a long time.
At the time you collect household waste for compost raw materials, the things you need to separate are:
- meat, fish bone, shrimp, chicken bone, milk, cheese, and fat/oil. This needs to be done to avoid the emergence of insects such as flies that will cause the appearance of maggots in the composting process.
- dog poop and cat litter. this thing can bring disease.
- weed or pest-infested weeds will still be contained in the compost.

Steps to make compost from household waste

Here's how to make a simple compost step by step: 
1. The first step to prepare raw materials and equipment.
Raw materials: household waste that you have sorted, brown waste, green garbage, soil.
Tool: Large plastic tub or drum, gunny sack, paving block.
Added ingredients: EM4
2. The second step mixes one part green garbage with one piece of brown waste into a tub or large plastic drum under which it has been covered with soil and given a hole as a way of removing excess water.
 3. Next, add a layer of soil at the top and let the active microbes in the soil work to process waste into compost.
4. Repeat the second and third processes for the next layer until the waste materials and the soil run out. Then cover the drum with a burlap sack.
5. After one week, open and stir the compost, then close again and do the process once a week.
6. To speed up the composting process, you can add bio-activator in the form of effective microorganism (EM4) solution that you can buy at the farm shop.
7. After approximately 1 month, check the final compost. If the mixture of fertilizer is blackish and does not smell of garbage anymore, means that the composting process has been completed and there is no problem.
8. The final step is to separate the rough part with the sieve, take the smooth one. Rough compost fertilizer can be mixed back into the composting tub as an activator.

Problems and Solutions in Making Compost Fertilizer

- Problems: Insects and maggots appear in the process of making compost.
Cause: There are ingredients such as meat, fish, milk, fat and coconut milk in their raw materials. Or the garbage is not closed.
Solution: cover the compost with a layer of soil or other compost or preferably the material is not composted.

- Problem: Rotten odor (ammonia)
Cause: too many nitrogen elements/amount of green waste too much
Solution: add brown waste and open sacks to add oxygen.

- Problem: Rotten odor (rancid, rotten egg)
Cause: lack of oxygen / too moist
Solution: add brown waste and open sacks to add oxygen, stir the compost until the odor is gone.

- Problem: fertilizer toss
Cause: too moist
Solution: add brown waste, open sacks to add oxygen and compost back and forth until the smell is less tasty.

- Problem: compost is too dry
Cause: lack of water
Solution: wet with water and tossed back and forth evenly wet.

- Problem: no reaction / change
Cause: nitrogen too low, low oxygen, less moist
Solution: add green garbage to increase the nitrogen content, compost back and forth to increase air or oxygen.

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