(COMPLETE) How to Grow Watermelon Nursery, Planting, Fertilization, Maintenance and Harvesting

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How to Grow Watermelon Nursery, Planting, Fertilization, Maintenance and Harvesting
Freeliveyoung.com -  How to Grow Watermelon Nursery, Planting, Fertilization, Maintenance, and Harvesting - If we consume Watermelon just for ourselves it's better to grow Watermelon than to buy them. Planting Watermelon is very easy, we can use a small area to plant it. Okay, just the following are How to Grow Watermelon Nursery, Planting, Fertilization, Maintenance, and Harvesting.

The attention of this article is very long. you can use (Ctrl + f) for specific searches :)
because the table of contents is :
  • How to make watermelon seeds from seeds
  • Planting and maintenance Watermelon
  • The Trick Ways How to make simple Compost Fertilizer complete very easy
  • The correct way how to maintain good Watermelon Fruits
  • Tips on harvesting Watermelon Fruit, when to harvest them
Read too: Complete Benefits of Watermelon.
Okay please read :)

how to make watermelon seeds from seeds


1) Seed Requirements 
Selection of seeds of watermelon seedlings is Imported hybrids, especially Triploid seeds (nonseed) which have very hard seed shells and Haploid types (seeds). 

2) Seed Preparation 
Type of seed Imported hybrids, especially the type of triploid seedlings after the selected prepared tools 
for cutting/stretching a little because without being stretched the seed 
is difficult to germinate, the tool is shaped nail clippers 
that has a small triangular shape small and provided a 
small place has a wide surface. Haploid species are easily sown
because the seeds are not hard so easy to split at the time of germination. 

3) Seed Seeding Technique Seedling 
the technique of watermelon seeds is done through several stages, namely: 
a) Stretching seeds of watermelon seed first in order to facilitate the growth process; 
b) Soaking the seeds in a unit of drug mixed with the ingredients: 1 liter warm water temperature 20-25 degrees C; 1 teaspoon of hormone (Atornik, Menedael, Abitonik ); 1 spoon fungicide (anti-fungal drugs) such as Difoldhan 4T, Dacosnil 75 WP, Benlate; 0.5 teaspoon bactericidal (Agrept 25 WP). After soaking 10-30 minutes lifted and drained until the water does not flow again and the seeds ready sprouts.

4) Nursery Maintenance / Seedlings 
Pockets of nurseries are lined up to be exposed to full unlight from rising to drowning. Given a transparent plastic protection similar o a miniature greenhouse and for one end it opens with a pen rim. Fertilization done through the leaves to spur the development of seeds
mixed with the drug, performed routinely every 3 days. At the age of 14 days,
the seeds are transferred to the mature field and ready to plant the seed.

5) Transfer of Seeds 
After germination is done seeding the seedlings using a 
plastic bag size: 12 cm x (0.2 - 0.3) mm. One bag is planted with one 
seed (the bag angle is cut sufficiently to reduce the remaining water) and filled 
with soil mixed with organic fertilizer composition: 1 part of garden soil, 1 
part of compost, 1 part of manure that has been ripe. After the seeds are 12-14 days old and have leaf 2-3 strands, transferred to the planted
area that has been processed.

Thanks for reading: how to make watermelon seeds from seeds.
Planting and maintenance Watermelon

How to plant watermelon is to make a hole first in the bed. When the hole is made you have to give it water to make the soil moist. Only then can you move the seeds on the planting hole. Close the back of the garden hole to the base of the watermelon seedlings. To treat the watermelon itself is enough to regularly water the plants every day in the morning and afternoon. Watermelon plants are plants that will grow better on moist soils, so you need to water them. Do not forget to always give fertilizer and remove various pests that can interfere with your watermelon grow.

Watermelon is one of the fruit with a considerable demand. One other advantage of planting this fruit is that it can grow at any time like planting rice. Thus, you can harvest this fruit not only once or twice a year. By Growing the Right and Good Watermelon will also make the harvest that will be obtained later will be more abundant and also better. When that happens then surely the profits that will be obtained will also be greater until finally, you can become a successful watermelon farmer.

Thanks for reading: Planting and maintenance Watermelon.
The Trick Ways How to make simple Compost Fertilizer complete very easy

The Trick Ways How to make simple Compost Fertilizer complete very easy

Freeliveyoung.com - How To Make Simple Compost Fertilizer. This time we will discuss how to make simple compost fertilizer for own use. As we all know, compost is one of man-made organic fertilizer made from the decomposition process of organic material remnants such as plants and animals. The composting process can take place in aerobic, which involves oxygen and anaerobic or without using oxygen in the process. The process of decomposition or decomposition is what makes it called as compost.

The Process of Making Simple Compost Fertilizer

How To Make Simple Compost Fertilizer
The process of making compost actually mimics the process of forming humus in nature. However, by way of engineering environmental conditions and adding some elements, the manufacture of compost fertilizer can be accelerated ie only within a period of 2 weeks to 1 month. This time exceeds the speed of humus formation naturally. Therefore, compost can always be made and available at any time without having to wait for years.

Raw Materials for Making Simple Compost Fertilizer

As mentioned above, compost is made from organic elements such as plants and animals. The distribution of compost fertilizer according to its raw materials is as follows:
Compost fertilizer from brown waste

which include dry waste include: dry leaves, dried grass, sawdust, rice husk, paper waste, corn husk, straw (rice stalk), and vegetable stalks.
Compost fertilizer from brown waste material physical properties is dry, rough, fibrous and brown. Generally contains a high carbon C element, so it is well applied to the plant to quickly bear fruit.

Compost from green garbage

Green garbage here can consist of: vegetables, fruits, grass clippings, fresh leaves, household waste, tea and coffee powder, eggshell, manure (poultry dung like chickens, ducks, cows, and goats). For easy compost manure of this type of raw materials still, have water content.
Compost fertilizer from green garbage is rich in Nitrogen (N) elements that microbes need to grow and develop. Both applied to plants that are in the period of branch and leaf growth.

How to Make Compost Fertilizer from Organic Waste

Above already mentioned there are two types of raw materials of compost fertilizer: brown waste and green garbage. For the process of making an effective yield in compost fertilizer the comparison of the use of brown waste with green garbage = 3: 1. Because, if you only use brown waste only then the process of making compost will take a long time.
At the time you collect household waste for compost raw materials, the things you need to separate are:
- meat, fish bone, shrimp, chicken bone, milk, cheese, and fat/oil. This needs to be done to avoid the emergence of insects such as flies that will cause the appearance of maggots in the composting process.
- dog poop and cat litter. this thing can bring disease.
- weed or pest-infested weeds will still be contained in the compost.

Steps to make compost from household waste

Here's how to make a simple compost step by step: 
1. The first step to prepare raw materials and equipment.
Raw materials: household waste that you have sorted, brown waste, green garbage, soil.
Tool: Large plastic tub or drum, gunny sack, paving block.
Added ingredients: EM4
2. The second step mixes one part green garbage with one piece of brown waste into a tub or large plastic drum under which it has been covered with soil and given a hole as a way of removing excess water.
 3. Next, add a layer of soil at the top and let the active microbes in the soil work to process waste into compost.
4. Repeat the second and third processes for the next layer until the waste materials and the soil run out. Then cover the drum with a burlap sack.
5. After one week, open and stir the compost, then close again and do the process once a week.
6. To speed up the composting process, you can add bio-activator in the form of effective microorganism (EM4) solution that you can buy at the farm shop.
7. After approximately 1 month, check the final compost. If the mixture of fertilizer is blackish and does not smell of garbage anymore, means that the composting process has been completed and there is no problem.
8. The final step is to separate the rough part with the sieve, take the smooth one. Rough compost fertilizer can be mixed back into the composting tub as an activator.

Problems and Solutions in Making Compost Fertilizer

- Problems: Insects and maggots appear in the process of making compost.
Cause: There are ingredients such as meat, fish, milk, fat and coconut milk in their raw materials. Or the garbage is not closed.
Solution: cover the compost with a layer of soil or other compost or preferably the material is not composted.

- Problem: Rotten odor (ammonia)
Cause: too many nitrogen elements/amount of green waste too much
Solution: add brown waste and open sacks to add oxygen.

- Problem: Rotten odor (rancid, rotten egg)
Cause: lack of oxygen / too moist
Solution: add brown waste and open sacks to add oxygen, stir the compost until the odor is gone.

- Problem: fertilizer toss
Cause: too moist
Solution: add brown waste, open sacks to add oxygen and compost back and forth until the smell is less tasty.

- Problem: compost is too dry
Cause: lack of water
Solution: wet with water and tossed back and forth evenly wet.

- Problem: no reaction / change
Cause: nitrogen too low, low oxygen, less moist
Solution: add green garbage to increase the nitrogen content, compost back and forth to increase air or oxygen.

Thanks for reading How to make simple Compost Fertilizer complete.
The correct way how to maintain good Watermelon Fruits

The correct way how to maintain good Watermelon Fruits.

  • Fertilization: Pemb'ian organic fertilizer at the time before planting will not be all absorbed, then do the fertilization follow-up which is adjusted with the growth phase. In vegetative growth required leaf fertilizer (Topsail D), in the phase of formation of fruit & cooking required fertilization Topsis B to repair quality of fruit produced. Foliage fertilizer is mixed with insecticide & fungicide sprayed at the same time regularly. The spraying is done as follows:

  1. Leaf fertilizer bred at 7, 14, 21, 28 & 35 days after planting;
  2. Fruit fertilizer bred at 45 & 55 days after planting;
  3. ZA & NPK (comparison 1: 1) done 21 days after planting as much as 300 ml, 25 days after planting as much as 400 ml & 55 days after planting as much as 400 ml.

  • Watering & Watering: Irrigation system used by the Farrow Irrigation system: water is passed through the channel between beds, the frequency of water in the dry season 4-6 days with the volume of irrigation is not excessive. If the water well (water diesel water) watering done with the help of plastic slang big enough so much faster. Watermelon plants need water continuously & no shortage of water.
  • Pesticide Spraying Time: In addition to leaf fertilizer, insecticide & fungicide, there is another drug that is ZPZ (plant stimulants); grader & macro-fertilizer (Pm) b-liquids. A dose of ZPT: 7.5 cc, Agrestic: 7.5 cc & Metallic (Pm): 10 CC for every 14-17 solvent litter. Spraying of medicinal mixtures was done after plant b'usia> 20 days in the field. Next is done every 5 days until the age of 70 days. Spraying is done with sprayer for the unlimited area & use diesel engine when the land area of thousands of hectares. Spraying done in the morning & evening depends on the needs & weather conditions.
  • Other Maintenance: Selection of fruit candidates is an important job to obtain the good quality (large enough fruit weight, located between 1.0-1.5 m from rooting plants), prospective fruit close to rooting small size because the age of the plant is relatively young (the size of a chicken egg in good shape & not defective). Each plant is required fruit candidate 1-2 pieces, the rest of the crop. Each candidate fruit ± 2 kg is often reversed in order to avoid unfavorable color due to inequality due to sunlight, so the color is less attractive & lower the price of the fruit itself. 

Thanks for reading: The correct way how to maintain good Watermelon Fruits.
Tips on harvesting Watermelon Fruit, when to harvest them

Tips on harvesting Watermelon Fruit, when to harvest them - The fruit is old when picked the color of the fruit is still young. But after two days, the meat will grow old color, but the weight of the fruit will slightly decrease. Usually, farmers sell directly after the fruit is picked to the middleman in place of the harvest takes place. The fruit is weighed using a hanging scales after being selected based on the fruit class, which is divided into: 
  • Class A
    Fruit sized 4 kg upward, perfectly shaped by the type of seeds, not defective or porous.
  • Class B
    2-4 kg Fruit shaped perfectly according to the type of seedlings, not defective; fruits measuring 4 kg and above that have deformities or defects that are still within the limits of tolerance
  • Class C (Unyil)
    Fruit sized below 2 kg, the fruit is quite ripe and well consumed.
  • Class D or class of sorting (BS)
    Fruits of all sizes that are defective fruits beyond the tolerance limit of each class, but still consumable.
  • Fruit classes are not well consumed because it is rotten, raw and other causes.
Fruit picking is done when the weather is beautiful and bright, not cloudy until the fruit is picked in the dry condition of the skin surface of the fruit so it can hold for some time at the retailer level.Fruit picking work, need to pay attention to several aspects, namely: 

1. Maturity of 
fruit Watermelon fruit that is old (mature) should be picked so that no shrinkage weight and quality.The signs of fruit ready to be picked are: 
  • The fruit stalk shrinks until it looks incompatible with the size of the fruit. Such stalks are not hairy and usually tend to brown lines that at some times more dominant.
  • The color of the fruit is shiny.
  • Sulur on the base of the small fruit and dry.
  • The pieces of fruit that are located on the runway change color from white to dark yellow.
  • When tapped, older fruits tend to produce high notes. This way should be done carefully because the watermelon of a particular species is easy to crack the skin of the fruit.
2. How 
to pick picked fruit at once can be directly cut with scissors on the fruit stalk 7 cm long from the fruit.The fruits that are planned to be picked are gradually chosen which is really old, then picked as the above 

way 3. How to transport 
* From the planting area to the weighing
station If the planting area is located in the middle of the rice field environment so that the transport vehicle cannot reach the planting area, the fruit transported by baskets fed with dry straw and then carried or carried to the weighing station. 

* From the planting site to the shelter
The weighed fruit is arranged on the floor of the vehicle which has been covered with 10-15 cm of dry straw. A maximum height of 7 pieces, with the dry straw coating on each fruit. The position of the fruit is horizontal. 

4. Method of storage 
* In the room temperature- 
controlled fruits are placed horizontally on the shelves in the refrigerator; arranged in such a way that the first incoming fruit will be first sold. Humidity in the room is set at a range of 80% -85%, room temperature (cooling room) 4.4 ° Celsius (about 40 degrees Fahrenheit). 

* In the room without temperature control 
In such a storage room, the straw as the floor mat should be completely dry, so as not to cause decay on the fruit due to moisture from wet straw. Air circulation (ventilation) must be ensured; not exposed to sunlight and clean from pests. The fruit to be stored is still fresh, not hollow to remove the liquid, the skin of dried fruit right. 

The fruits are arranged horizontally with a maximum of 3 pieces, with the floor given a 10-15 cm thick dry straw bed and a little dry straw that is inserted in each fruit arrangement. 

* Special treatment 
The fruit whose stalks have been decomposed because of late picking due to unfavorable weather (often its legal rain), is exfoliated using a sharp knife soaked with fungicide or bactericide before use. 

The fruit stalk attached to the fruit is cleanly cut, then the fruit is dried or dried by a hair dryer for several minutes to prevent the propagation of bacterial decay that may cause rotting fruit. 

Thanks for reading: Tips on harvesting Watermelon Fruit, when to harvest them.

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